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Sex-Disaggregated Data
We have collected statistical data in the following areas:
- Population
- Life expectancy
- Adult literacy rates
- Gender parity in decision making levels
- Births
- Domestic Violence

Population: Based on the last national census carried out in 2002, the mid-2007 estimated population was 43160 males and 41872 females. The population growth trends over the past 15 years are illustrated in the graph below:

Source: Above graph calculated using statistics from NSB (2007) Statistical Abstract 2006, page 8

Life expectancy: Women fare well in comparison to men, with a consistently large difference observed between male and female life expectancy, which currently stands at a high 76 years for women and a significantly lower 69 years for men. The graph below depicts the relative stability of life expectancy over the past 25 years:

Source: Above graph calculated using statistics from Health Statistics Unit (2007) Health Statistics 2006

Adult literacy rates: Based on the statistics from the last census in 2002, literacy rates for the population aged above 12 years, have been estimated to be consistently high at 96% for both genders since 2005.

HIV/AIDS: Despite modest gains made towards the fight against HIV/AIDS, such as greater awareness, improved political commitment, strengthened multi-sectoral approach, increased condom distribution, and the introduction of free anti-retroviral therapy since 2002, the HIV/AIDS prevalence in the country has continued to grow. Between 2005 and 2006 the prevalence rate amongst the reproductive age population (15-49 years) has multiplied by more than 2.6 fold, from 0.19% to 0.50%. Amongst the 303 currently known HIV/AIDS sufferers (as of mid-May 2007) 57% are male. Statistics also clearly demonstrate the vulnerability of young people, with the prevalence rate of HIV infection amongst youth aged between 15-24 years at 0.15% compared to 0.19% for the general population of reproductive age for 2005. When considering the high rates of teenage pregnancy, 16% of all known pregnancies in 2005 and teenage abortion, 18% of all abortions in 2005, it is easy to conclude that the vulnerability of young boys and girls to infection is significantly more alarming than statistics presently indicate.
Source:Ministry of Health and Social Development 2007

Gender parity in decision making levels: The participation of women in decision making processes is good in comparison with the rest of the region, with women making up:

Posts 2008 2009 2010***
Cabinet of Ministers 2/8 (25%) 2/8* (25%) 2/8* (25%)
Principal Secretaries 8/19 (42.1%) 8/16 (50%) 8/16 (50%)
Parliamentarians 8/34 (23.5%) 8/34 (23.5%) 8/34 (23.5%)
District Administrators 15/25 (60%) 13/25 (52%) 13/25 (52%)
Ambassadors 1/7 (14.3%) 1/7 (14.3%) 1/7 (14.3%)
Judges 0/8 (0%) 0/8 (0%) 0/8 (0%)
Magistrates 2/3 (66.7%) 2/4** (50%) 2/4 (50%)
* One vacant position
** Two vacant positions
*** As of Jan 2009

Births: There were 1499 births in 2007 compared to 1467 births in 2006. The crude birth rate which measures the number of births per thousand mid year population was 17.6 in 2007 compared to 17.3 in 2006.

The majority of children born in Seychelles are born to unmarried parents, with the percentage of nuptial births having decreased from 25% in 2006 to 21% in 2007, while acknowledged ex-nuptial births has increased from 57% in 2006 to 62% in 2007.
Source: NSB (2007) Population and Vital Statistics 2007, Statistical Bulletin March 2008

The trend over the past 20 years in the number of live births by the status of the mother, nuptial and ex-nuptial (acknowledged only) is depicted in the graph below:

Source: Above graph calculated using statistics from NSB (2007) Statistical Abstract 2006, page 12

Domestic Violence: Statistics from various sources indicate a significant rise in the number of cases of domestic violence.

In the whole of 2006 the Family Tribunal registered 172 cases of spousal violence, 95% of which were registered by women. In 2007 this grew to 226 cases, indicating a 31% increase in the number of cases being registered in one year.

The number of cases of domestic violence reported to the Police has more than doubled over the past 6 years.

Source: Police 2006

The Gender Secretariat has conducted a nationwide survey on domestic violence, to investigate its extent, causes and consequences in the Seychelles context. Preliminary findings suggest that domestic violence is a significant social problem that affects both men and women. From a random sample of the population aged above 15 years old:
  • 42% of women and 36% of men admitted to having experienced emotional abuse by an intimate partner
  • 27% of women and 23% of men have experienced moderate physical violence
  • 28% of women and 26% of men admitted to being a victim of severe physical violence, and
  • 11% of women admitted to having been raped by an intimate partner
Although at the superficial level preliminary findings of the study indicated that an almost equal proportion of men and women reported having been victims of domestic violence, in-depth analysis has later confirmed established theory that the meaning and consequence of violence has a substantial qualitative difference to women than men. For example: 33% of women suffered from aches and pains as a direct consequence of violence incidents compared to only 16% of men.

Moreover the findings also indicate that domestic violence directed at women by male perpetrators may have been functional as: 17% of women reported bruises to the face compared to only 6% of men.
This indicates that perpetrators specifically target the face causing visible injuries as a possible control mechanism, i.e. social isolation caused by embarrassment of exposing signs of violence.

Alarmingly 8 women reported to having contracted HIV/AIDS and 21 women reported to becoming pregnant as a consequence of being raped by an intimate partner.
This is a significant number considering the size of the study sample and the small size of the national population.